Massage is defined as any activities that involves acting and working on the various parts of the body by adding pressure, which can either be stationary, moving, structured or unstructured; and also by adding vibration, tension or motion. Massage can be provided or done to an individual through the use of a mechanical aids, like tools, equipment or devices that are specifically designed to a certain type of massage; or in a manual manner, like through the use of the fingers, elbows, knees, feet, hands, and forearms. There are basically a lot of various types and methods of massage, and those include the active release technique, aquatic bodywork, watsu, tui na, trigger point therapy, tradition Chinese massage or TCM, thai massage, Swedish massage, structural integration, shiatsu, myofascial release, medical massage, lymphatic drainage, lomilomi and indigenous massage of Oceania, foot massage, craniosacral therapy, ayurvedic massage, biodynamic massage, the ashiatsu, and acupressure. The various facilities, equipment and supplies that are typically designed for massages and are being used by the massage therapists to their clients or customers are cremes, gels, oils, lotions, vichy showers, warm-water therapy pools, dry-water massage tables; massage tools, like the body rock, bamboo and rosewood tools, and needles; massage chairs, and massage tables. The various effects and health benefits that a person may obtain from massage include pain relief, reduce state and trait anxiety, reduce heart rate, reduce and lower blood pressure, and reduce subclinical depression.
An individual who specializes in practicing and providing different methods and types of therapeutic massage can be called as physical therapists, practitioners of TCM or traditional Chinese medicine, massage therapists, and athletic trainers. A massage therapist may specialized in various modalities and techniques, and they can be called as licensed massage therapist, bodywork therapist, medical massage therapist, and registered massage therapist. The various ways and requirements in order to become a successful massage therapist include passing a specified number of work hours, passing a written exam or test, background check, disease screening, earning a degree from an accredited school, earning a certificate of CPR and first aid, and undergoing a massage therapy training program. The duties, responsibilities and services offered by a massage therapist include promoting their practice, maintaining their office, recording the notes and information about their client, giving massages, and making or setting up an appointment with their clients. Most of the professional massage therapists can be found working under a day spa, massage spas or massage centers, and the people who wants to hire their services can find and contact them through the word of mouth and recommendations of colleagues and families, or through the use of the internet.